An RCT of Dating Matters: Effects on Teen Dating Violence and Relationship Behaviors
Each contribution highlighted dimensions of relationship functioning that can be used to inform the development of prevention programs. The findings in this issue underscore the importance of considering the independent and interactive effects of risk factors occurring at each level of the social ecology, such as alcohol use Reyes et al. As national estimates of the frequency of physical dating violence victimization have remained unchanged over the past decade Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC , the translation of these findings into effective prevention programs has the potential to transform the field of partner violence prevention. Although some programs e. Risk behaviors may have common influences, including fundamental problems with how youth interact in relationships and how parents communicate with youth about healthy relationships. Relationship-level factors include conflict in dating relationships Connolly et al. Safe Dates was selected as the cornerstone of the initiative because of its demonstrated and sustained primary and secondary preventive effects on multiple forms of dating violence for boys and girls Foshee et al. Parents Matter! Dittus et al.
Dating Matters®: Strategies to Promote Healthy Teen Relationships
Teen dating violence is a serious public health problem with few effective prevention strategies.
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Author contributions: PHN, ATT, NEL, AMVK, BGT, EAM designed and conducted the trial; all authors were involved in one or more aspects of intervention development and implementation, data collection, management, analysis, and interpretation; clearance officials from the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control approved the manuscript for preparation; all authors were involved in the preparation, review, or approval and submission of the manuscript.
Teen dating violence is a serious public health problem with few effective prevention strategies. This study examines whether the Dating Matters comprehensive prevention model, compared with a standard of care intervention, prevented negative relationship behaviors and promoted positive relationship behaviors. This longitudinal, cluster-RCT compared the effectiveness of Dating Matters with standard of care across middle school.
Standard of care was an evidence-based teen dating violence prevention curriculum Safe Dates implemented in eighth grade. Forty-six middle schools in high-risk urban neighborhoods in four U. Students were surveyed in fall and spring of sixth, seventh, and eighth grades — Dating Matters is a comprehensive, multicomponent prevention model including classroom-delivered programs for sixth to eighth graders, training for parents of sixth to eighth graders, educator training, a youth communications program, and local health department activities to assess capacity and track teen dating violence—related policy and data.
Self-reported teen dating violence perpetration and victimization, use of negative conflict resolution strategies, and positive relationship skills were examined as outcomes. Imputation and analyses were conducted in
If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to reset your password. If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username. Teen dating violence TDV is a preventable public health problem that has negative consequences for youth. Despite evidence that youth in urban communities with high crime and economic disadvantage may be at particularly high risk for TDV, little work has specifically addressed TDV in these communities.
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The Dating Matters: Strategies to Promote Healthy Teen Relationships Initiative NORC at the University of Chicago implements the evaluation plan, including.
It includes preventive strategies for individuals, peers, families, schools, and neighborhoods. Recently, efforts to prevent teen dating violence have grown, particularly in schools and among policymakers and sexual violence and domestic violence prevention groups. Now many states and communities also are working to stop teen dating violence. However, these activities vary greatly in quality and effectiveness. Baltimore has a long history of addressing violence among Baltimore’s young people through innovative public health programming and policy initiatives, such as Safe Streets.
Burgess baltimorecity. The city has demonstrated a strong commitment to violence prevention, including teen dating violence, via an integrated public health and public safety partnership that includes strong collaborations between the Chicago Public Health Department and Chicago Public Schools. Davis cityofchicago. The Broward County Health Department and Broward County Public Schools have an extensive history partnering on school-based and community-wide adolescent health and violence prevention programs, ranging from bullying prevention to sexually transmitted disease prevention.
Stacey Lazos, M. For over 50 years, the Alameda County Public Health Department has worked to improve the health and safety of County residents and the neighborhoods in which they live. Since , they have been a core member of the Alameda County Teen Dating Violence Task Force, a group of government agencies, community-based organizations CBOs and community members, that work together to produce institutional change within schools and school districts.
Dating Matters is an evidence-based teen dating violence prevention model that includes prevention strategies for individuals, peers, families, schools, and neighborhoods. It focuses on teaching year olds healthy relationship skills before they start dating and reducing behaviors that increase the risk for dating violence, like substance abuse and sexual risk-taking. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link.
The Dating Matters® Toolkit provides strategies to promote respectful, healthy, and nonviolent relationships among teens in your community. An evaluation.
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Dating Matters: Strategies to Promote Healthy Teen Relationships (DM)
Study record managers: refer to the Data Element Definitions if submitting registration or results information. Dating Matters: Strategies to Promote Healthy Teen Relationships Initiative is intended to promote respectful, nonviolent dating relationships among adolescents living in high-risk, urban communities. The objective of this project is to develop, implement, and evaluate a comprehensive approach to promoting respectful, nonviolent teen dating relationships by utilizing current evidence-based practice and experience.
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Chicago dating matters initiative
Introducing dating violence prevention programs to children early on can reduce abusive relationships. Researchers came to this conclusion based on programs aimed at children as young as The American Journal of Preventive Medicine published the study about teen dating violence. It indicated that starting a prevention program early lowers the rate of dating violence.
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This paper describes the multisite, longitudinal cluster randomized controlled trial RCT design of the evaluation of the Dating Matters: Strategies to Promote Healthy Relationships initiative, and discusses challenges faced in conducting this evaluation. Health departments in 4 communities are partnering with middle schools in high-risk, urban communities to implement 2 models of teen dating violence TDV prevention over 4 years. Our design permits comparison of the relative effectiveness of the comprehensive and standard of care strategies.
Multiple cohorts of students from 46 middle schools are surveyed in middle school and high school, and parents and educators from participating schools are also surveyed. Challenges discussed in conducting a multisite RCT include site variability, separation of implementation and evaluation responsibilities, school retention, parent engagement in research activities, and working within the context of high-risk urban schools and communities.
We discuss the strengths and weaknesses of our approaches to these challenges in the hopes of informing future research.